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Ce rapport est également disponible en français./This report is also available in French.
Following its independence in 1960, Burkina Faso has experienced six emergency and four constitutional periods of rule. The last period rule began on June 2, 1991, following the adoption of a new constitution. The constitution enshrines the pillars of the democratic process. Presidential elections (1991, 1998, 2005 and 2010), parliamentary elections (1992, 1997, 2002 and 2007) and municipal elections (1995, 2000 and 2006) are held regularly. The Constitution provides for a semi-presidential system modeled on the French Constitution of the Fifth Republic. However, this regime is characterized by an imbalance of power due to its presidential characteristic, which gives the executive clear supremacy over the other poles of state power such as the Parliament and the judiciary. Presidentialism in Burkina Faso is compounded by the nature of party system which is structured around an ultra dominant party, the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP).