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Ce rapport est également disponible en français./This report is also available in French.
Institutional and political development in Mali has followed a tumultuous trajectory, including a period de facto one-party regime rule (1960-1968) with a parliament bound to the single party, and a period of rule (1968 - 1974) characterised by a concentration of legislative and executive power at the hands of a Military Committee for National Liberation (CMLN) which ruled the country by decree. The return to constitutional rule occurred in 1974, with the legalization of a single party and other institutions including the National Assembly with cadres of the single party as members.
After twenty-three years of implementation of the 1974 Constitution, the people of Mali (in response to the outcome of the 1989 La Baule summit), rebelled against the single-party regime. The uprising led to a successful coup in March 1991. The leaders of the coup suspended the 1974 Constitution before proposing a new constitution. This Constitution was adopted by referendum in 1992 and is still in force. Introducing full democracy, the Transition Committee for the People’s Salvation (CTSP) laid the groundwork for the democratic process, characterized by a multiparty system, freedom of opinion and association, freedom of press and the organization of the first pluralist elections, leading to a constitutional referendum, the election of the President of the Republic and a parliament.