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Esta Constituição está disponível em Português.|This constitution is available in Portuguese.
This study explores the quality of democracy by examining legislative capacity and performance in Mozambican case. The study finds very poor legislative capacity vis-à-vis executive and president. The entire state authority is concentrated in the president who is both head of state and of government. The president can dissolve the parliament if it censures the government program and the parliament can not hold the head of government accountable. It also find that even though the Mozambican legislature has formal structures to deal with issues of national interests, in practice, some of them are far away to be effective and to contribute for democracy. Regarding to legislative resources, I find that the Assembly of the Republic has very little financial and infrastructural resources in sense that there is no extension of parliament structure at provincial level, very few MPs are skilled and the skilled parliament staff in the committees and plenary are not being taken in advantage. Regarding to legislative performance, while public opinion perceive that MPs are far away from representing their communities and citizens in constituencies, they are more likely to perform well. However, the study found very low levels of democracy in Mozambique.
This report presents the “first findings” from the African Legislatures Project or ALP. The report is based on the preliminary coding and analysis of data obtained from research in six countries—Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Namibia and South Africa (MP survey findings from South Africa are not presented as that element of the project is still in progress). Because the purpose of ALP is to achieve a comparative understanding of legislative institutions across Africa, and is funded from multiple sources, we have adopted the practice of including data from as many countries as possible when we present findings from the project. Field research for ALP began in late February 2008 and is expected to continue through the end of 2010 as the work proceeds seriatim in 18 African countries.
Mozambique made the transition to a multiparty regime in 1994 as a result of the peace agreement
that ended the civil war in that country. FRELIMO, the former liberation movement has won all the
Mozambican elections since 1994. FRELIMO has already witnessed a change in their leadership
within the multiparty period, when Chissano did not run for a third term in 2004. The economic
power in the country is held by members of the ruling party, including the current President,
Armando Guebuza. The opposition is headed by RENAMO, which has faced minor internal divisions.
RENAMO has been headed by Afonso Dhlakama since 1979. Dhlakama is known for his intolerance
of internal criticism. Dhlakama and Chissano, as party leaders, managed to develop a relatively
friendly relationship in the first years of the multiparty regime; however, this is not true of
Dhlakama’s relationship with the current President.