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This constitution is available in English.
This report presents the “first findings” from the African Legislatures Project or ALP. The report is based on the preliminary coding and analysis of data obtained from research in six countries—Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Namibia and South Africa (MP survey findings from South Africa are not presented as that element of the project is still in progress). Because the purpose of ALP is to achieve a comparative understanding of legislative institutions across Africa, and is funded from multiple sources, we have adopted the practice of including data from as many countries as possible when we present findings from the project. Field research for ALP began in late February 2008 and is expected to continue through the end of 2010 as the work proceeds seriatim in 18 African countries.
Zambia’s return to multi-party democracy in 1991 was one of the earliest of Africa’s third wave democratic transitions, ending twenty years of one-party rule under the United National Independence Party (UNIP). The former president, Kenneth Kaunda, consented to hold multi-party elections and accepted the results when he and his party lost the election. The founding elections brought the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) to power in Zambia, a position which it has subsequently maintained. The MMD government embarked on a program of rapid economic liberalization, privatizing nearly all of the stateowned enterprises in ten years. Most significantly, the division and sale of Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines (ZCCM) to a variety of largely foreign-owned and run mining companies dramatically changed the political and economic landscape.